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All democratic societies that value the liberties of their citizens, are content to declare that a crime is an act, not a thought, and is punished after the fact, and indeed have constructed elaborate legal and judicial procedures to ensure that police and prosecutors actually punish the guilty party after proving that they are responsible “beyond a reasonable doubt”. They prefer to let a guilty party go free than to incarcerate an innocent person. Terrorism poses a different challenge. The public wants the government to prevent the act of terror from occurring. To prevent an act from happening will require broadened surveillance and police powers to act on suspicions of conspiracy rather than to await that terrorists execute an act of terror and then capture the guilty party. That sets us on a dangerous path, where our liberties at risk. Recall the US “Patriot Act” passed after 9/11 to give government powers to fight a “War on Terror” begat Guantanamo, preventative detention, torture and the systematic murder by drone attacks. Where does the right balance lie? Does it differ from country to country? These are the questions that the Conference seeks to explore. However, it must also be emphasized that whatever the decisions that are reached by individual governments, ultimately terrorism shall be defeated through cultural confrontation, defeating extremist ideas with ideas of openness and pluralism. The rising problem of terrorism on both sides of the Mediterranean does not only pose military and security challenges, it also raises a fundamental set of cultural challenges. For in the end, the violent extremists among the religious zealots and the political movements that are devoted to terrorism as a means of achieving their aims, all need to be defeated in the realm of ideas. Their views must be exposed for the sham that they are and their positions must be marginalized so that their appeal to younger generations is minimized. This set of tasks is important for all governments, and constitute a basis for collaboration between the governments on both sides of the Mediterranean and beyond to all the civilized countries of the world.





Celebrating the 20th Anniversary of the Central Department of Underwater Antiquities (CDUA)








The Bibliotheca Alexandrina, the New Library of Alexandria, aspires to implement a landmark honouring the enterprise of science. In light of its mission, the Library of Alexandria has endorsed a science city project by organizing an open, one stage international architectural competition for the comprehensive master plan and conceptual design. The new “Science City” complex will be built on the western edge of Cairo, in the heart of the 6th of October City. This new complex, to be constructed on prime land, calls for inspiring new comprehensive master plan and conceptual design; that will ultimately create the first 21st century science museum, learning and research facility in Egypt.








BioVision Alexandria (BVA) is an international event organized by the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in partnership with the World Life Sciences Forum, BioVision. It is a continuation of the tradition that started in BioVision 1999 in Lyon, France in which BioVision Alexandria Conference was held every even year since 2004. BioVision Alexandria is an important gathering that brings together distinguished speakers and Nobel Laureates from the four corners of the globe through rich discussions that commemorate science and the finest achievements of the human intellect. It includes representatives of the greatest minds in the realms of industry, science, policy-making, media and civil society. The ultimate goal is to provide a platform for exchange of information and dialogue so as to explore the different ways in which life sciences can help meet the challenges facing us in the 21st century; a vital step for global economic development to improve the quality of life for all. BioVision Alexandria aims to increase the participation of developing countries in this important global dialogue. As the BA is a key player in building bridges and fostering dialogue, BioVisionAlexandria presents a unique opportunity for North-South collaborations by bringing in new scientific knowledge to the South.


























The first international Regional Action on Climate Change workshop (RACC Alexandria 2015) from February 22nd to 24th, 2015 at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria, Egypt. RACC was first created in 2009 as a satellite workshop to the Science and Technology in Society (STS) forum held in Kyoto, Japan Taking the insights developed at the RACC, Japan, RACC Alexandria 2015 aims to gather eminent scientists and practitioners to come together and help local communities solve the underlying climate challenges in Africa and MENA region through sharing their experiences to achieve perceptions, solutions and future goals for the current challenging climate situations. The workshop theme is Climate Change and its Impacts: Sea Level Rise and Desertification in Africa and MENA region.

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